Olives & Olive Oil
The Greek olive and its virgin oil are considered as one of the best in the world. It is the basis of the Greek and Mediterranean diet. It is a healthy product and medical researches has proved that it is one of the reasons that Cretans live longer. Olive and olive oil is produced all over Greece.
The production of honey is a Greek tradition that dates back to antiquity. Greece, with its great variety of plants and flowers, produces different tastes of honey. This product is considered one of the best in the world and the best honey can only be found in mountain villages.
The wine was born in Greece and it is a Greek tradition since antiquity. Wine processing was invented in Greece. Today, one can enjoy a great diversity of Greek wines: red, white and rose, sweet or dry. Greece also produces some famous kinds of wine like the Retsina, a white wine which has an accentuated resin taste, and the Mavrodafni, a dark red wine which reminds the Portuguese Porto.
For a detailed gallery of Greek wines, see the section of Greek food and wines.
Ouzo is the most famous Greek alcohol of Greece and its trademark. It is strong alcohol with the taste of Anis which can be served straight or with water. It is accompanied by little meets (mezedes). Tsipouro reminds the Ouzo but has a stronger taste. Depending on the region, it is also called Raki.
Greece has a variety of tasty natural vinegar made from wine.
Greece has a great variety of herbs and plants with many virtues: mountain tea, oregano, sage, chamomile, sage, basil, mint, parsley.
Greece is also famous for the many spices used in the food: sesame (white sesame also), the cumin, the machlepi, and the valuable red saffron.
Greece also produces a large variety of nuts: almonds, pistachios, dry grapes, sunflower seeds, melon seeds, hazelnut, peanuts.
Greece has a large variety of sweets and most of them are the heritage of the Ottoman’s occupation. They are very sugary. Some of them are the Galaktobouriko (thin paste, cream, cinnamon, and syrup), the Kataifi (honey, nuts, thin crystallized layers of honey), the Halva (ground sesame seeds with flavors of honey, vanilla, chocolate), and the Pasteli (a bar made of grilled sesame and honey).